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UK Votes to Leave EU

Making the most of the changes

Includes ten-point check lists for businesses and individuals
What exactly happened on 23 June? Are we still in the EU? Aside from the political upheavals, what are the practical problems that small business owners and tax payers will be facing as a direct result of the Brexit vote?

In this short newsletter we have attempted to de-mystify the steps our government will need to take in order to carry out the outcome of the referendum; that we leave the European Union.

More importantly, it sets out the steps that business owners and individuals can take now to minimize any downside risks and make the most of the opportunities afforded by the withdrawal.

Whilst we wait for the political process to unwind, we should take time out for thoughtful consideration of the effects these changes may have on our businesses and personal finances. Hopefully, this booklet will help.

At the end of the guide are two 10 point check lists illustrating the practical strategies that could be employed now in order to see you and your business through the change processes that we face. The old adage "be prepared" is still valid:
"By failing to prepare, you are preparing to fail."
-Benjamin Franklin
What happens next?

The UK electorate has a confirmed that they want to leave the EU.

Although this result is a strong incentive for government to start the process of disengagement from Europe, it does not mean that from 6am, 24th June 2016, we are no longer paying members of the EU. Our membership and responsibilities will continue until the legal process is concluded by our elected representatives.
So what happens next?

In his resignation speech, David Cameron said:

"A negotiation with the European Union will need to begin under a new prime minister and I think it's right that this new prime minister takes the decision about when to trigger Article 50 and start the formal and legal process of leaving the EU."

In other words, our membership will continue with no change until Theresa May formally applies to the EU under Article 50 to leave. It should be noted that the European Commission has been quick to respond, they will be pressing for a faster disengagement to minimize uncertainty.

What is Article 50? The next section explains…
What is article 50?
Basically, this sets out the legal framework for the UK's disengagement from Europe. Until this Article is triggered, and it can only be triggered by a member state, the formal process of negotiation to leave the EU cannot start. Once started, it needs to be concluded within 2 years unless both parties agree to an extension of this deadline.

The new prime minister will be in post on 13th July (2 days before the Conservative's annual conference begins), and if the formal application to leave is lodged in accordance with Article 50 at the same time, then we should expect to be disentangled from the EU on or before July 2018.

If we are unlikely to commence legal proceedings for a whilte, why are the financial markets in such turmoil right now? The next section looks at this conundrum.
Certainty v uncertainty
The standing of the UK in the financial markets is based on the opinion that the world's currency, commodity and stock market traders have regarding the financial worth and wealth producing potential of the UK.

In order to reach a conclusion on these indicators, the markets crave certainty. They like the numbers to make sense, to stack up. Without certainty, the value of our companies and the price that our currency will be worth, compared to other currencies, becomes a guessing game.

The decision on 23 June 2016, to leave the EU, has removed some of the certainty regarding our ability to balance our books and trade effectively in the world economy. Until we are ex-members of the EU, and until we have renegotiated new trade agreements with the EU and the rest of the major economies, to some extent, this "market certainty" may continue to unsettle the markets.

The day following the referendum, stock markets tumbled and then recovered somewhat, sterling's exchange rate with the major currencies dropped, and then recovered somewhat. As such, there is no sign of an impending collapse in sterling or any long term downward trend in the global stock markets. Only time will tell if the short-term corrections will be recovered or sustained. Thus far, the message from the markets is encouraging, it's steady as you go.

However, to protect your interests, we have focused in this booklet on the ways in which these market reactions may affect your personal or business affairs, both the downside and upside considerations. Our conclusions are set out of the following pages.
How could my business be affected?The factors that may affect businesses, especially smaller businesses in the UK, in the coming months are bullet-pointed below. Don't forget that these are generalisations. Some may apply to your circumstances and some may not.
  • If the sterling exchange rate settles at a lower level the cost of imported goods will rise and our exporters may benefit as their goods and services will be priced lower in overseas buyer's markets.
  • If the rising cost of imports triggers inflation the Bank of England may have to step in and increase interest rates. This will increase the cost of borrowing; business profits will suffer as will cash flow.
  • An alternative scenario is also possible. The Bank of England may reduce interest rates to encourage investment and lower the cost of borrowing for UK businesses and home owners.
  • Firms that trade in the property sector will need to keep a weather eye on demand as buyers may be discouraged by the overall uncertainty about the longer term outlook for interest rates. As a consequence, we may see the property market flat-line or prices fall.
  • Uncertainty may encourage banks and other lenders to be more cautious when considering loans. Cash flow management should possibly shift towards the top of to-do lists, just in case there is downward pressure if credit does tighten up.
  • Businesses and non-profit making enterprises that rely on EU funding should contact their funding agencies as soon as possible. Be prepared. Start looking for alternative funding now. Support for farmers and other key groups may be replaced by UK government grants.
  • Businesses that trade with the rest of the EU will need to re-examine their sales and marketing strategy for the future. If and when the final EU curtain falls they will likely find their exports subject to tariffs unless the UK negotiators can secure access to the single market on favorable terms. Certainly, it would not be amiss to start looking for alternative export markets or ways to increase penetration in the home market.
  • Firms that are part of the supply chain for multinational concerns will need to be vigilant. Car manufactures, pharmaceutical companies, international banks and others, that have based their operations in the UK as a spring board to the EU markets, could possibly reconsider their options although the immediate response has been encouraging.
  • If consumer demand in the UK does harden, the ability to pass on increased costs may become a problem for smaller businesses already coping with smaller margins and shrinking demand for their products and services.
  • Finally, we may have face tax increases if the UK struggles to balance its books and repay debt; although, in recent days, press commentary has suggested that George Osborne is considering dropping corporation tax rates below 15%.
Businesses and individuals should be watchful and stay positive: be on the lookout for new opportunities. There are small business owners who would say that they were held back by EU regulation and will now be free to explore alternative markets. There are others that will be concerned by any loss of access to European markets. In any event, it pays to trim your sails if a storm is forecast, even if it blows over.
How we can help: Use the check lists at the end of this booklet, adopt these as your mantra. We will be on hand to lend support so please contact us.
How will my personal finances be affected?
For the last 40 years, our financial institutions have been built inside an integrated European Union. As a nation, we will need to act quickly to re-establish this framework outside the EU. The following points flag up some the issues we should keep an eye on:
  • As the banks adjust to the situation, credit may tighten up: it may become more difficult to obtain loans or mortgages.
  • In the short-term interest rates may fall, longer term they may rise. The latter will have an impact on debt repayment.
  • As the cost of imported goods will almost certainly rise, due to exchange fluctuations and as tariffs are imposed, the cost of the weekly shop may increase.
  • Adverse movements in the sterling exchange rate will possibly increase the cost of imported oil and gas. If so, monthly utility bills may increase, as will the cost of filling up our cars. Time to look at hybrids or use public transport?
  • Without increased government subsidy, rail, air and road transport costs may rise adding further inflationary pressures and increases in domestic expenditures.
  • Employers, suffering from the same cost increases, may be reviewing recruitment and the cost of labour. We may see rises in unemployment and downward pressure on future pay increases.
  • If house prices do fall in the medium term, buyers should be cautious and ensure that their intended purchase is based on a realistic assessment of current market value. Negative equity – where loans to purchase are higher than market value – will become an unwelcome consequence for those who purchase in haste in a falling market.
  • If interest rates do fall, returns for savers could all but disappear.
  • This may be a good time to check out your credit rating.
Recent comments from government ministers would seem to suggest that balancing the nation's books may be postponed in order that funding can be redirected to stimulate the economy. If that is the case, many of the cautionary comments we have made above may not apply.
How we can help. At the end of this booklet, we have added a further check-list of the top ten items that you could adopt in order to reduce your personal financial risks until market conditions settle down. We suggest that you adopt these as your personal financial mantra. We will be on hand to lend support so please contact us if you need help or advice.

Ten point business checklist

IN NO PARTICULAR ORDER, our suggestions ARE:

1Make record keeping a priority
If you don't use accounting software, consider your options. In the coming years having ready access to data for credit control, cash flow and profitability will be key to your survival. This will enable you to email and automate sending of statements to clients and customers and balance your bank position.
2Keep a close eye on credit control
Using accounts software will help, but also: review the number of days' credit you offer; chase up outstanding debts rigorously; offer direct debit and credit card payment options; encourage payments by BACS.
3Active management of cash flow
Set in place a regular, weekly or monthly review of your cash flow. Create a flexible cash flow forecast. Map actual cash flow as it unwinds and constantly rework your forecasts as circumstances change.
4Active management of financials
Set in place a regular, monthly or quarterly review of your financial results: profit statement and balance sheet. Map actual results against budgets and constantly rework your forecasts as circumstances change.
5Keep in regular contact with your bank
Send your bank or other funders copies of your management accounts. Flag up areas of concern before they become urgent problems and seek their support at the earliest opportunity.
6Sales and marketing
As part of your reviews keep a weather eye on the prospects for future sales. Replacing customers in a competitive, and perhaps price sensitive environment, will require active marketing. Consider strategies to sell more to your customers. It should always be easier to develop more business with existing customers than seeking out new customers.
7Manage your costs
Consider alternative suppliers for goods or services you purchase for resale. Review overheads and cancel unwanted or unproductive services, look for less expensive alternatives.
8Review capital expenditure
Now may not be the best time to invest in new equipment for your business unless it improves your chances of surviving the period of uncertainty we now face. Planning is key and should include consideration of funding.
9Review personal expenditure
Until the effects of our exit from the EU are known entrepreneurs would be advised to minimize their personal withdrawals from their businesses.
10Take professional advice
This booklet is a clear statement of intent – we want our business clients to ride-out the period of uncertainty that we may be facing. Whatever our political beliefs, or the assertions of those who portend to lead us, it is our endeavors, the steps that we take in the coming weeks, that will make a difference. Actions will always speak louder than words. Take advice. We are ready to help and committed to your long term success.
Ten-point PERSONAL check list

IN NO PARTICULAR order, our suggestions ARE:
1Debt management
Avoid increasing your personal debt unless investing in cost reduction strategies. See 5 and 6 below. This includes credit cards, mortgages and other personal loans. If your income comes under pressure in coming months this will help you ride out the storm.
2Cash is king
If your present income, take home pay, exceeds your outgoings, save it. You may need to call on these reserves.
3Review personal expenditure
We all have "gym membership" or similar subscriptions that we hardly ever use; cancel them and save the savings.
4Multiple income streams
Those of us who depend on a single income source to meet our family's needs, and have a yen to develop other sources of income, should dust off their plans. Having all your eggs in one financial basket may not serve your best interests in the coming months.
5Invest to save costs at home
Consider green energy opportunities, loft, floor or wall insulation grants (while they are available) and reduce your carbon footprint. If you can afford it, consider solar options for heating and power generation. This will help you to reduce your monthly outgoings.
6Invest to save transport costs
Again, consider "green" opportunities. A fully electric vehicle may not be practicable, but what about hybrid cars?
7Reduce costs of employment
One of the major costs you may have is the cost of commuting from home to work. If this is the case, negotiate with your employer to work from home whenever possible. Even if this is just one day a week it will make a contribution.
8Moving house?
Now may not be the best time to consider moving house. The immediate financial uncertainty created by the Brexit vote may suppress demand for property. If so, you may be buying into a falling market and run the risk of negative equity – your mortgage being greater than your home's market value.
9Review your savings and pensions strategies
Call your financial advisor to see if you need to change your investment strategies.
10Take other professional advice
This booklet is a clear statement of intent – we want our clients to ride-out the transition. Whatever our political beliefs, or the assertions of those who portend to lead us, it is our endeavors, the steps that we take in the coming weeks, that will make a difference. Actions will always speak louder than words. Take advice. We are ready to help and committed to your long term success.
"Businesses will need to be on their guard. Businesses and individuals should be watchful and stay positive. There are small business owners who would say that they were held back by EU regulation and will now be free to explore alternative markets. There are others that will be concerned by any loss of access to European markets. In any event, it pays to trim your sails if a storm is forecast, even if it blows over."
Disclaimer: We have used reasonable care and skill in assembling the information in this document. Information or advice implied cannot be tailored to all personal circumstances or particular situations. There may also be factors relevant to your particular circumstances which fall outside the scope of some or all of the information disclosed. Accordingly, this material does not constitute personal advice. You should not rely solely on this material to make (or refrain from making) any decision or to take (or refrain from taking) any action. Legislation changes frequently and any material in this fact sheet covers all known changes to the date of publication, 27 June 2016.


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